OXFORD TUTORIALS

GBT 2 Study Questions Pt. 4
Nicomachean Ethics

14. Nicomachean Ethics, I-II 

1. How does Aristotle argue that there must be "chief good." (I.2)

2. Why is Aristotle's inquiry into the nature of happiness fundamentally a political one? (I.2)

3. What is an "end"? (I.5)

4. Explain Aristotle’s objections to Plato’s understanding of universal form of "good." (I.6)

5. Why is an understanding of the universal form of "the good" useless? (I.6)

6. What is Aristotle’s definition of "the good"? (I.7)

7. What is man’s "end"? (I.7)

8. Does Aristotle think that man has virtue in himself? (II.1)

9. What is "the mean"? (II.2)

10. Why can one not becoming virtuous by solely listening to Philosophy? (II.4)

11. Why are the virtues not passions? (II.5)

12. Give an example of the principle "it is possible to fail in many ways while to succeed is possible only in one way." (II.6)

13. Explain Aristotle’s statement, "Moral virtue is a mean." (II.9)


15. Nicomachean Ethics III; IV 2-3; V 1-7

1. What are "mixed" actions? (III.1)

2. What are compulsory actions? (III.1)

3. How do men become unjust? (III.1)

4. Does Aristotle hold to the existence of a "free-will?" (III.2)

5. About what things can we deliberate? (III.3)

6. Why do we deliberate about means not ends? (III.3)

7. What does "man is a moving principle" mean? (III.5)

8. Define Aristotle’s ideal courage. (III.6)

9. What are the so-called five courages and what are Aristotle’s criticisms of them? (III.8)

10. Define "temperance" for Aristotle. (III.10)

11. What is a "belly-god?" (III.11) - no relation to jelly-bean

Note 1- 1n IV. 2 The word translated "magnificence" is megaloprepeiaj (megaloprepeias). This word literally translated means, "great-impression."

Note 2- In IV. 3 The word translated "pride" is megalopsuchia. This word literally translated means, "great-souled." The word in the NT translated "pride" is huperephania or literally, "over-appearance."

Note 3- In V.1 The word translated "justice" is dikaiosunes. This same word is used in the NT for "righteousness."

Note 4- In V.3 "Qua" means "in so far as it is."

12. Explain this sentence. 1133b;16-19 (V.5)

13. What is the difference between legal and natural Justice? (V.7)


16. Nicomachean Ethics VI; VII 1-3; VII 11-14

1. What, according to Aristotle, is the cause behind choice? (VI.2)

2. Why must choice involve both reason and desire?

3. Do you agree with Agathon’s statement?

4. Give some examples of scientific knowledge. (VI.3)

5. Define scientific knowledge.

6. What is practical wisdom? (VI.5)

7. Can the first principles of scientific knowledge be an object of scientific knowledge? Why or why not. (VI.6)

8. What is intuitive reason?

9. Define wisdom. (VI.7)

10. Why do the philosophers have philosophic but not practical wisdom?

11. Why are young men not good sources of practical wisdom? (VI.8)

12. Define understanding. (VI.10)

13. Define judgment (VI.11)

14. Do incontinent people act knowingly? (VII.3)

15. Explain two of Aristotle’s’ arguments for why pleasure can be a good. (VII.12)

16. Does Aristotle think that wealth is necessary for happiness? (VII.13)

17. Explain this phrase, "all things have by nature something divine in them."


17. Nicomachean Ethics VIII; IX

1. What advantages does Aristotle see in friendship? (VIII.1)

2. What are the necessary conditions for friendship to exist? (VIII.2)

3. Give the three types of friendship. (VIII.3)

4. What type of friendship is easily dissolved and why? (VIII.3)

5. Why do young people often quickly change friends? (VIII.3)

6. Define perfect friendship. (VIII.3)

7. How does Christian charity differ from Aristotle’s understanding of friendship? (VIII.5)

8. How do love and friendship differ? (VIII.5)

9. Why cannot one be a "perfect friend" to many? (VIII.6)

10. How can children and parents be friends? (VIII.7)

11. Do you agree that it is impossible to be "friends" with God? (VIII.7)

12. What type of friendship can exist between those who are very different? (VIII.8)

13. How do tyranny and monarchy differ? (VIII.10)

14. Explain the statement, "it is the ideal of monarchy to be paternal rule." (VIII.10)

15. Can one be friends with a slave? (VIII.11)

16. Why is the friendship of utility full of complaints? (VIII.13)

17. Why is the good man at peace with himself? (IX.4)

18. Explain the statement, "goodwill is inactive friendship." (IX.5)

19. How is the love of poets and benefactors similar? (IX.7)

20. In what sense does Aristotle think that one should be a "lover of self"? (IX.8)

21. Does the happy man truly need friends? (IX.9)

22. How many friends should one have? (IX.10)


18. Nicomachean Ethics X

1. Why did Eudoxis think that pleasure was good? (X.2)

2. Explain how Plato proved the good was not pleasure. (X.2)

3. How did Aristotle prove Plato was full of nonsense? (X.2)

4. Do all men aim at life or pleasure? (X.4)

5. Explain Aristotles' statement, "pleasure intensifies the activities." (X.5)

6. Explain Aristotles' statement, "each animal is thought to have a proper pleasure" (X.5)

7. Why is happiness an activity and not a state? (X.6)

8. Are the pleasures of amusement an end in themselves? (X.7)

9. Why is the philosopher the most self-sufficient of men? (X.7)

10. Why is the life of complete contemplation too high for man? (X.7)

11. Why must happiness be both contemplative and active? (X.8)

12. Does one need money to be a philosopher? (X.8)

13. Why do "the many" need law and punishment? (X.9)

14. Does Aristotle think that we ought to legislate morality? (X.9)

15. Final question from the Ethics.... drum roll please!

WHY IS PRIVATE EDUCATION BETTER THAN PUBLIC?!!