Aristotle's Rhetoric, Book I, Chapters 3-7
(Kenney: pp. 47-74; Roberts: pp. 8-21)
Book I: Study Questions 11-20
11. Aristotle has already introduced three different means of persuasion used in rhetoric:
(1) the speaker's character; (2) an emotional appeal; and (3) logical argument. Now he
introduces three "factors in a speech situation": the speaker; the subject; and the person(s)
addressed. He also introduces three basic types ("divisions," "species" or "genera") of
speeches. What are they, in their English translations (pp. 47-48)?
12. What differing "ends" or purposes of these three types of speech does Aristotle identify
13. Aristotle asserts that all speakers must have "propositions" regarding the truth, the
importance, and the possibility or impossibility of the issues under consideration. What terms
does he use for these kinds of propositions (pp. 50-51)? Does this term seem appropriate?
14. What five subjects of public interest does Aristotle list for deliberative logic (pp. 52-55)?
15. What does Aristotle consider the "one goal" of deliberation about what to choose or
16. How does Aristotle define happiness (p. 57)?
17. How does Aristotle define a "friend"?
18. Hoe does Aristotle define a "good"?
19. Which of the twenty or so "goods" which Aristotle discusses seem most important to you
(p. 64)? What makes them important?
20. Aristotle states many examples of what he considers to be a "greater good" or "the more
advantageous." "Speakers will often agree about what is advantageous," he says, "but disagree
about which is more advantageous," among various possible courses of action (p. 67). Which
of Aristotle's insights about "greater goods" seem most important or useful?