Aristotles Rhetoric, Book III, Chapters 1-9
(Kennedy: pp. 216-243; Roberts: pp. 84-96)
Book III: Study Questions 1-10
1. What are three factors which Aristotle thinks will persuade people (pp. 216-217)?
2. In Book 3 Aristotle turns his attention to style (lexis) and arrangement (taxis).
Although he seems to think of the style of delivery as a "vulgar matter," he still
recognizes that it is a "necessary discipline" (pp. 216-220). Why?
3. What principle does Aristotle state as the "virtue of style" (pp. 220-223)?
4. What places does Aristotle give to metaphor (pp. 222-226)?
5. What are the best sources of metaphor, according to Aristotle (pp. 224-226)?
6. How does Kennedy translate Aristotle's term, ta psykha (pp. 226-228)?
What does he mean?
7. Some scholars think that Aristotle avoided referring to the famous orator Demosthenes
because of Demosthenes hatred and hostility toward Macedon. From what you know
about Aristotle, why might this have troubled him (p. 230, footnote 61)? Check an
encyclopedia or other reference book if necessary.
8. How does Aristotle advise using hyperbole (pp. 235-237)?
9. What does Aristotle think about meter and rhythm (pp. 237-239)?
10. What does Aristotle mean by, and why does he prefer, the "compact" ("turned-
down") style" over the "free-running" ("strung-on") style of oratory (pp. 239-243)?