TRICKY WORDS

NOTE: Most of these words can be used in several ways, as different parts of speech.  It all depends upon how the word is related to other words and used in the sentence. 
       

WORDS            PRIMARY USES


about               adv- on all sides; around; almost; in rotation; here and there
                        prep- in a circle around; near; on the verge of; with regard to; at the command
                            of; concerning; concerned with

after                 adj- later in time: “after years;” toward the rear: “in the after section of the ship”
                        adv- following in time or place; afterward; later: “We arrived shortly after.”
                        conj- subsequently to the time when: “After the game was over we went home.”

                        prep- behind in place; subsequent to in time or order: “the one after that;”
                            subsequent to and in view of: “After all our advice;” to indicate the object of

                            a stated or implied action: “go after gold

all                    adj- whole; entire: “I studied all night;” adv- completely; altogether: “He sat all
                            alone;” pron- “All of us are joining the choir.”    

also                 adv.- likewise; beside, in addition, too: “My brother also came.”

although          conj.- in spite of the fact that; even though: “I went, although I didn’t want to.”
                       

as                     adv- to the same degree or amount: “as deaf as a post;” for instance: “various
                            trees, as oak or pine;” in a specified relation: “my view as distinct from his”      
                        conj- as if: “looks as he had seen a ghost;” in or to the same degree in which:
                            “deaf as a post;” a correlative: “as cool as a cucumber;” in the way or
                            manner that: “do as I do;” in accordance with or the way in which: “quite
                            good as boys go;” while/when: “spilled the milk as she got up;”  regardless

                            of the degree to which: “improbable as it seems;” for the reason that; since;

                            because: “She stayed home as she had no car;” that the result is: “He was
                            so clearly guilt as to leave no doubt”

                        prep- like: “all rose as one man;” “he came dressed as a clown;” in the capacity,
                            character, role, or condition of: “he works as an editor”
                        pron- that, who, which—used after same or such: “in the same building as my

                            brother;” “tears such as angels weep;” a fact that: “he is a foreigner, as is

                            evident from his accent:

because           conj- for the reason that: “He rested because he was tired;” that, the fact
                            that: “The reason I am here is because I wish to speak.”

before              adj- in advance; ahead: “The contestant before was more confident;” 

                        adv- in advance; ahead; at an earlier time: “He came before.”
                        conj-
earlier than the time when; sooner than: “Before he could respond,
                            the intruder had disappeared”

                        prep- in front of; in the presence of: “He appeared before the judge;”
                            preceding in time: “The president before that”


besides            adj- else: “She loves no one besides;” adv- as well; also; moreover;
                           furthermore: “She prepared the meal and cleaned up besides;”  
                       
prep- except; other than: “His dog barks at no one besides me”       

but                    adv- only, merely: “He’s but a child;” intensive: “Get there but fast”        
                         conj-
except for the fact that: “He would have come but he was afraid;”
                             connecting equal elements: “He came but he did not speak;” Jesus

                             said: “I came not to bring peace but a sword” 
                          prep- with the exception of: “No one was there but me;” other than:
                             “The comment was nothing but an insult.”

concerning       prep- relating to; regarding: “She talked to him concerning his hygiene”
                      
down                adj- condition: “The player is down by two tricks”; “The student is down
                           with the flu”; “The team is down by two touchdowns.”
                        adv- answering “where?” or “how”: “Write down what he says”; “Slow down
                           the car”; “They voted down the bill”
                        prep- around; through; toward; in; on: “She fell down the stairs.”               

easy                 adj- free; painless: “It was an easy victory;” “That’s an easy problem.”
                        adv- easily; in moderation: “Go easy on him;” “Takes it easy on the gas.”
 
else                  adj- being different or in addition: “”What else did he say?”; “It wasn’t who
                           you thought; it was someone else.”
                        adv- differently: “How else could they have won?”; additionally: “Where

                          else is gold to be found?;” otherwise: “Do it, or else you’ll be sorry.”    

far                    adj- remote; distant; extreme condition: “He left for a far country;” “The
                             philosopher was a man of far vision.”
                        adv- answering “how much?”: “They wandered far;” “It went far off.”

for                    conj- for the reason that; on this ground; because: “He rested, for he was
                            weary;” “For this slight momentary affliction is preparing for us an eternal
                            weight of glory” (2 Cor. 4:17)

                        prep- describing a relationship of purpose or intention: “He received a

                            reward for his heroism;” “He just left for home;” “Run for your life;” “He

                            had eggs for breakfast;” “Don’t take him for a fool;” “For one thing, the
                            price is too high;” “He cried for joy;” “He was a real stickler for details.”

 

forward             adj- near the front: “the forward row;” “the forward cabin”
                         adv- toward the front: “He moved slowly forward.”
                         verb- to send onward: “He will forward the letter.”

 

how                  adv- to what degree: “how sorrowfully;” in what state or condition: “How

                           are you?”; in what manner: “See how it works;” for what reason: “How

                           could you?”; by what name: “How are you called?”
           

if                      conj- in the event that: “If it doesn’t rain, we’ll go camping;” allowing that;
                            on the condition that; expressing a wish: “If we can afford, we’ll go.”


instead of         prep- in place of: “He came on Monday instead of Saturday.”

like
                  adj- the same or similar: “We are of like mind.”

                        adv- likely; probably: “You’ll try it, like enough.” 

                        conj- as, as if, in the same way that: “They looked like they might come;”
                            “They acted like children often do.”
                        noun- an equal or counterpart: “We’ve never seen the like before;”
                            a preference: “Those are my likes and dislikes.”         

                        prep- similar to; typical of: “He acts like a fool;” “It looks like rain.”

                        verb- to be suitable or agreeable to: “I like baseball.”


more
               adj- greater: “something more than she expected;” additional: “more
                           guests arrived”
                        adv- to a greater or higher degree: “The last game was more evenly matched;”
                           in addition: “He’s going to try it one more time.”

           

not                   adv- “He did not come on time.”

of 
                   prep- point of reckoning: “north of the city;” origin or derivation: “man of

                            noble birth;” cause, motive, reason: “died of the flu;” created by: “plays

                            of Shakespeare;” on the part of: “very kind of her;” component material:
                            “throne of gold;” a whole: “most of them;” concerning/about: “stories of
                           his travels;” in respect to: “slow of speech;” belonging to: “king of England”

only                 adj- peerless: “the only candidate worth consideration;” alone; sole:
                           “She was their only child.”
                        adv- merely: “The major has only lost one election;” exclusively: “The

                           answer is known only to him;” at the very least: “it was only too true;”
                           with nevertheless the final result: “won the battle only to lose the war.”     
                  

regarding          prep- with respect to; concerning: “He spoke to the students regarding
                              their academic progress    

right                  adj-
agreeable; correct; proper; good: “He gave the right answer.”
                          adv-
according to what is right: “Did he do right?” directly or straight: 
                              “Go right home;” on or to the right (direction): ”The pedestrian stopped
                               and looked left and right.”
                          noun- moral propriety; legal entitlement; the cause of truth or justice:
                              “Was he denied his rights?” “We are studying property rights.”
                              “Will no one stand up for the right?”    
       
same                adj- identical: “the same day last year”

                        adv- in the same manner: “will go unexpectedly, same as he came.”        

                        pron- identical with or similar to another: “that man is the same”

since                adv- from a definite past time until now: “He has stayed there ever since;”
                            before the present time: “long since dead;” subsequently: “has since died”
                        conj- at a time in the past after or later than: “has held two jobs since he

                            graduated;”  from the time in the past when: “ever since I was a child;”
                            in view of the fact/because: “because it was raining she took an umbrella”      
                        prep- from a specified time in the past: “the period since the war”

so                    adj- conforming with actual facts; true: “He reported things that were not
                            so;” marked by a desired order: “His books are always just so.”

                        adv- in a manner or way indicated: “Do you think so?”; in the same manner

                            or way: “He worked hard and so did she.”  thus: “For so the Lord said”
                            (Is. 18:4); then/subsequently: “and so home and to bed;” indeed/most

                            certainly: “You did so do it;” therefore/consequently: “The witness is

                            biased and so unreliable.”   
             
          conj- with the result that: “The acoustics are good, so every note is clear;”
                            in order that [purpose]: “Be quiet, so he can sleep;” for that reason/
                            therefore [result]: “I don’t want to go, so I won’t;” in summary: “So, he
                            left town for good and never came back.”
                        pron- such as has been already specified or suggested; the same:
                            “If you have a claim to make, do so as soon as possible.”           

 

so that             conj- used as a function word to introduce a subordinate clause ex-
                            pressing purpose or result: “cutting expenses so that he could save”

still                  adj- unmoving: “The air was still;” It was a still photograph.”
                        adv- without movement: “Stop fidgeting and sit still;” ongoing condition:
                           “The story is told still;” nevertheless; yet: “Still, I think that I’ll go.”

such                 adj- of a kind to be indicated: “as bag such as a doctor carries;” “his

                            excitement was such that he shouted;” as previously indicated:
                            “many such women;” of an extreme degree: “never heard such a
                            noise;” of the same type: “other such clinics throughout the state”      

                        adv- to such a degree: “such tall buildings;” “such a fine person;” very,
                            especially: ”hasn’t’ been in such good spirits lately”
                        pron- someone or something similar, stated, or implied: “”such was

                            the result;” “tin and glass and such”

that
                 adj- highlighting a person, thing or idea [when used with a noun or with

                            a pronoun]: “That man is my father;” “Did you mean this chair or that
                            one?” [i.e. “that” tells “which one;” compare with use as a pronoun]

                        adv- to such an extent; very; extremely: “He didn’t take it that seriously.” 

                        conj- used as a function word to introduce a clause: “He said that he

                            was afraid;” It is unlikely that he will come.”

                        pron- the person, thing or idea referred to [when used alone]: “That is

                            my father; that is my brother;” at which, in which, on which, by which,

                            with which, to which: “We attend every year that the lecture are given.”            


then                 adj- existing or acting at or belonging to the time mentioned: “The news

                           article referred to the then secretary of state.”
                        adv- at that time; soon after that; next in order of time; in addition;
                           besides; according to that: “Your mind is made up then;” by way of

                           summing up: “The cause of the accident, then, is established;” as a

                           necessary consequence (i.e. consequently): “If the angles are equal,
                           then it is a square.”

                                     
there                adj- used for emphasis: “Those men there can tell you.”

                        adv- in, at, to, into that place: “Stand over there, please.”
                        noun- that place, position or point: “You take it from there.”

                        pron- to introduce a sentence or clause: “There shall come a time.”         

 

therefore          adv- for that reason: “There is therefore now no condemnation for those

                            who are in Christ Jesus” (Rom. 8:1); consequently: “Therefore we’ll

                            have to surrender;” because of that; on that ground; to that end


though              adv- however; nevertheless: “It’s hard work.  I enjoy it however.”

                        conj- in spite of the fact that/ while: “Though they know the war is lost,
                            they continue to fight;” even if: “Though they all will fail, they will try.”

toward(s)          prep- in the direction of: “He is driving towards town.”

well                  adj- prosperous; satisfactory: “All’s well that ends well.”

                        adv- better; best: “The first athlete did well;” justly, rightly: “The judge’s
                            decision was well made.”      
                        interj- expressing surprise: “Well!  I can hardly believe it! resuming
                            conversation: “Well, what now?”
                        noun- fountain; water reservoir: “How deep is the well?”

                        verb- to rise up: “His feelings welled up from deep inside.”

when                adv- at that time: “When will you return?”; a former time: “We knew him
                           when he still lived on the farm”
                        conj- while: “He went fishing when he was a boy;” although: “He should
                            have quit when he was winning;” at the moment that: “Stop when the
                            bell rings;” every time that: “When he sleeps he always has nightmares.”

                        pron- which or what time: “He has stuttered since when he was a boy.”

yet
                    adv- in addition; besides: “He gave yet another excuse;” even: “a yet
                            higher score;” on top of everything else; up to now: “He hasn’t done

                            much yet;” continuously: “The old clock is working yet;” eventually:
                            “He may yet come;” nevertheless/however: “yet we’re not so sure”
                        conj- but; but nevertheless: “He came, yet he wasn’t prepared.”